Bible History and Real History

Religion and History

6,000-Year History of the World

African history should be of vital importance in modern society.

History, the discipline that studies the chronological record of events (as affecting a nation or people), based on a critical examination of source materials and usually presenting an explanation of their causes.

All historical facts come to us as a result of interpretative choices by ‘historians’ influenced by the standards of their age.

Who is to say how things really were?

Since none of us was there when these historical events took place, how do we know that the written accounts are credible and reliable? The answer is, in this phrase, “a critical examination of source materials.” In other words, we cannot accept them just because someone categorizes them as infallible. It behooves us to verify the source first.

African history has been relegated to the trash dump of European, Jewish, and Arabic history, and as of no consequence in human history. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have buried African history based on accounts in their religious texts.

For example, the Tanakh (OT) of Judaism claims that the first man on earth was created in Mesopotamia, present-day Iraq, in a Garden of Eden only 6,000 years ago.

How did Bible theologians arrive at that period since it not explicitly written anywhere in the Bible? The following are excerpts from an article titled “THE ELEMENTS OF CHRONOLOGY” from the website: http://www.biblechronologytimeline.com/

Different Interpretations of Chronology in the Bible

“Biblical dates are dependent on tracing back the line of Bible time-statements from these later more certain dates, and there is room for difference of opinion in this process. Specific information is scarce, and systems of reckoning vary; hence our knowledge of ancient chronology has accumulated gradually and is still far from complete.”

This means the historians or Bible scholars bring to bear on the subject their point of view to interpret the “scarce” information in the Bible. All the material that could help to arrive at reliable conclusions has accumulated over a long period, and it is continually changing. We can accept this about events of ordinary humans but not about ‘history’ that supposedly was given by God or inspired by an infallible god. That information should not be subject to interpretation by men and should not be revealed over a long time.

Starting Date of Bible Chronology

“A.M. Dating From Creation.—Genesis furnishes no era dating, but older chronologists counted years from Creation as anno mundi (“in the year of the world,” abbreviated a.m.) 1, 2, etc., based on the patriarchal genealogies. These genealogies, if complete and if correctly interpreted, would give exact intervals from Adam to Abraham. But an a.m. scale requires a fixed starting point. Each writer’s B.C. date for a.m. 1 (1) varies with his choice of the Masoretic or the LXX figures (nearly 1,500 years’ difference), and (2) his interpretation of these and all other OT chronological data. For this reason an a.m. date has no basis other than the writer’s theory.”

The above paragraph suggests that there is no exact date of creation, and the dates given in the different books – Masoretic and Septuagint – version vary by 1,000 years. But if the Bible is the ‘inspired’ word of God, why is there such a wide margin of error. Did God inspire the writing of two separate books that claim to be His word and yet differ so much inaccuracy? The two books cannot be correct and inspired. It is conceivable that only one is correct. Or both are wrong. So why we must examine these two sources as to authorship and credibility.

“Marginal Dates in Printed Bibles.—a.m. dates taken from Archbishop James Ussher’s Annals (published 1650-58) were the first to appear in the margin of the KJV. The KJV carried no dates originally, and was not the first Bible to present those of Ussher, which had been printed in the margin of a French Catholic Latin Bible in 1662. Ussher’s dates (a.m. only) appeared in an Oxford Bible in 1679, with the figures revised in spots by Bishop William Lloyd; his a.m. and B.C. dates were incorporated (probably by Lloyd also) into a London edition of 1701. Thenceforth these dates, generally credited to Ussher but partly revised, and inserted without any official authorization, continued to be printed until they were almost viewed as a part of the Bible by generations of readers.
In the latter part of the 19th century many Bibles included new chronological tables based on later knowledge, while retaining the old “Ussher” dates in the margin or omitting them entirely. In the 1950’s a modernized set of marginal dates came out in a new KJV edition. Similar ones appeared as late as 1974 in a Collins edition of the KJV (although most Bibles by then had no marginal dates): Events before David are dated only by centuries, and later dates differ from Ussher’s, though not consistently. In Ezra 7 there appears a curious shift; Ezra’s journey to Jerusalem is dated 428 B.C., long after Nehemiah’s arrival. This is based on a theory that, contradicting the Bible account, puts that event in the 37th, not the 7th, year of Artaxerxes.”

Bishop Ussher performed an analysis of the chronology in Genesis Chapter 7 of Adam to his descendant Noah. And then other genealogy from Noah to Abraham to the Exodus to Jesus.
by adding all the ages of the significant descendants of Adam and came to 6,000 years. He determined that creation began in the year 4004 B.C.

James Ussher (or Usher; 4 January 1581 – 21 March 1656) was the Church of Ireland Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland between 1625 and 1656. He was a prolific scholar and church leader, who today is most famous for his identification of the genuine letters of the church father, Ignatius of Antioch, and for his chronology that sought to establish the time and date of the creation as "the entrance of the night preceding the 23rd day of October... the year before Christ 4004"; that is, around 6 pm on 22 October 4004 BC, per the proleptic Julian calendar.” - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Ussher This date as noted above was printed in many Bible translations particularly the King James version from the 17th to the 19th Century. Since it was the Bible for the colonies of the British Empire, many religious denominations that used it including Jehovah’s Witnesses accepted it as and promoted it as authoritative date of creations. In essence the whole universe of more than 2 trillion Galaxies came into existence only 6,000 years ago.

Exact date and time of Creation

Earlier, another Clergyman and scholar who had a lot of time on his hand with nothing better to do decided that he would improve on Ussher’s calculations and determine the exact time of creation’

“Bishop James Ussher was able to use the ages of famous pre-flood personages in the Bible to estimate the number of years between creation and the flood. In 1650 CE, he published his book “Annales veteris testamenti, a prima mundi origine deducti” (“Annals of the Old Testament, deduced from the first origins of the world.”) He calculated that God had created the Earth in 4004 BCE.

Exact Time of Creation

“A decade earlier, Dr. John Lightfoot, (1602 – 1675), an Anglican clergyman, rabbinical scholar, and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge had already arrived at an estimate of 4004-OCT-23 BCE, at 9 AM. (We assume that this was either Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) or Jerusalem time).

 Unfortunately, Ussher gets most of the credit; Lightfoot’s contribution is rarely cited.

This would make the time interval between the creation of the world and a common estimate of the birth of Christ at precisely 4000 years. Some people believe that Ussher fudged the data to make it come out this neatly. This date found general acceptance among many Christians; “…his dates were inserted in the margins of the authorized version of the English Bible and were soon practically regarded as equally inspired with the sacred text itself…” – http://www.skeptically.org/oldtestament/id15.html

”In 1642, John Lightfoot published a “voluminous” calculation of the exact date for the creation of the universe: September 17, 3928 B.C. This date was reached after an analysis of the Biblical genealogies found in Genesis, Exodus, 1 and 2 Kings, and 1 and 2 Chronicles.”

Read more The Age of the Earth – Creationism and Biblical Geneologies: Mike Janssen

But his date for the beginning of the Universe is off by some 13.7 billion years and by some 4.54 billion years for the earth.”

Modern Bible translations omit this date because it cannot be verified and it has been ridiculed in light of what we now know about the size of the universe by science.

Time Statements in Genesis

The Hebrew, Samaritan, and Septuagint Texts.—The original text of our Old Testament, except a few chapters, was written in Hebrew. The translations in use today are made almost entirely from the Masoretic text, which has been handed down by the Jews through the centuries, copied from one manuscript to another with scrupulous care. In Genesis the years of the patriarchs in the Hebrew text differ from those in the Samaritan Pentateuch, a variant form of the Hebrew text preserved by the half-Jewish, half-pagan Samaritans. Different from both of these are the figures in the Septuagint, a Greek translation begun in the 3d century B.C. in Alexandria. It gives higher figures for several patriarchs, inserts a second Cainan after Arphaxad, and shows other differences.

The totals from creation to the Flood are: Hebrew, 1,656 years; Samaritan, 1,307; Septuagint, 2,242 (or 2,262; manuscripts vary); from the Flood to Abraham: Hebrew, 352 years; Samaritan, 942; Septuagint, 1,232 (or 1,132).

Since the oldest known Masoretic manuscripts of the Pentateuch are late copies, more than 1,000 years away from the originals, some scholars have thought that the figures’ for the patriarchs had become changed since the time when the Septuagint translation was made. But the age of a manuscript is not the sole deciding factor. The later of any two copies may preserve the wording of a text much nearer to the unknown original than a much older manuscript copied carelessly or from an old but already corrupted text. Thus the work of the “lower” or textual critic involves determining, from various kinds of evidence, which form of the text has most likely been changed from the original.

For the ages of the patriarchs the Samaritan text is less trustworthy than the Hebrew, because we find in other places revisions of the wording to agree with their views. And the Septuagint translators, who elsewhere (as in Daniel) injected their own ideas, are thus more likely than the meticulous Hebrew copyists to present a revised form of the genealogy.”

http://www.biblechronologytimeline.com/

Jesus and World History

The New Testament does not question that assertion but makes references to the story in the Tanakh. Their god Jesus, who should have known better, affirmed the creation story to be true when he referenced that first man, Adam, in his sermons. Christians claim that Jesus lived in heaven before ‘creation’. As such, he would have possessed knowledge of the events of creation and the exact date of creation and subsequent events such as the ‘Flood of Noah’ Abraham’s encounter with Yahweh, Jacob’s migration to Egypt, the Israelite Exodus, etc. Since he is accepted as a god, his words are not questioned by Christians. All Christians, including Africans, believe this to be true and indisputable. Unfortunately, Jesus did not give any details about the chronology of events in the Bible. Why? He did not know because he was never in heaven. He was born human and learned what he knew from what is written in the Old Testament.

Real History

It is of utmost importance and even imperative for Africans to subject this claim to a critical examination of the source material and how they determined this ‘truth’’ It is essential because the studies of anthropology, paleontology, Y-Chromosome, Mitochondrial DNA and African history prove otherwise. Indeed, these branches of knowledge (science) affirm conclusively that Africans were the first people to walk this earth in AFRICA not in Mesopotamia more than 400 thousand years ago as human beings like you and me and that other human-like creatures lived before us millions of years ago.
We can add that there were dinosaurs on earth 65 million years ago. The 6,000-year-old does not fit the facts of examination and critical review.
The stories in these so-called ‘Holy Books’ have distorted our history and origin of humanity.
Most people do not know the timeline of history as portrayed in the Bible. But we cannot get an accurate view of history if our timeline is off by billions of years. It is ridiculous to continue to promote it and push it on gullible church-goers. There is no evidence to support it.
To learn more about this, download the following chapters from the store (link to store page:
“We Are All Africans”
Part V – Our Common African Origin (Chap 21 – 22)
or
Chapter 21: We are All Africans Whether We like It or Not